Adoptive Families, the award-winning national adoption magazine, is the leading adoption information source for families before, during, and after adoption.


Our Blended Family

By Sarah Gerstenzang

My family of five—me, my husband, our two teenage biological children, and our daughter, Lily, age seven, whom we adopted from the U.S. foster care system—lives in Brooklyn, New York. Brooklyn is as diverse a community as one can find. Still, one night as I walked home from work with a colleague and fellow adoptive parent, she commented that she could not have adopted a black child because living with racism would be too hard. It seemed harsh at first, but, in fact, racism is part of my family’s daily life. Like all mixed-race families in America, we face stereotyping as a matter of course.

Whether the stereotyping is positive (as when a friend’s parent noted that Lily "had music in her blood") or negative (when another parent mentioned that Lily didn’t "seem to have any problems"), it is all racism. Observers are making judgments about abilities based upon a child’s race.

So how can parents protect their black children from such attitudes and grow a healthy identity? Here’s what I’ve learned from experts—and how I’ve put their ideas into practice:

Believe in your right and ability to parent your child. Numerous studies have shown that black children raised by white parents generally grow up to be healthy, well-adjusted adults. Don’t worry that your child is being "cheated" or that you are inadequate. Your job is to love your child.

Celebrate black hair styles, dress, and culture. Buy magazines read by African-Americans, read books by black writers, and, as a family, go to events where black artists and musicians are featured.

Fill your home with African-American music, art, books, and toys. One year, my daughter received a cute black baby doll for Christmas. I’d read that children absorb subtle messages that the dominant white culture is superior. So, when Lily and I played with her dolls, I’d say (truthfully), "This one is my favorite. He is so cute. He looks like a real baby."

Expand your social circle. African-American children need friends who look like them—and they need to see their parents with black friends, too. If you can, live around people of color, send your child to schools that are racially diverse, or, if you are religious, attend an integrated church.

"Even in our diverse community, racial stereotyping is part of our daily lives."

Expose your child to black role models. I turn on the TV when Venus or Serena Williams plays tennis, and I call attention to newspaper articles about accomplished black people. On an everyday level, our daughter has black teachers at her school; and we enroll her in outside activities in which the instructors are black.

Put your child in the majority. Choosing a vacation spot is a way to accomplish this. We learned this one year, on a trip to a Southern town, when Lily said, "I am the only black person in this whole restaurant." I promised her that the next place we vacationed would be predominantly black. When we went to a black town, the next year, she said, "Do you think that people think I am from here?"

Being part of a mixed-race family has enriched every one of us. And as Lily changes and grows, we’ll be opening up—and growing—alongside her.

Sarah Gerstenzang is the associate project director of the Collaboration to AdoptUsKids and author of Another Mother: Co-Parenting with the Foster Care System (Vanderbilt University Press). She lives with her family in Brooklyn, New York.

Back To Home Page

©2014 Adoptive Families. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited.


Greetings: You are invited to read a fresh, fascinating and timely contribution to the current topical issue of inter-racial families. Johnny Williams, a debonair likeable young graduate student, raised by a loving adoptive elderly couple started his life journey as an abandoned one day-old, in a basket left at a Westchester church-front. His birth mother was a teenage blond blue-eyed student who returned to her university in California; unable to find peace, even later as a professional magazine editor. Due to Johnny’s hair being peculiarly tangled from birth, he’s forced to permanently keep his hair in braids and to adopt the name DADA because he firmly believes his birth mother must have been from West Africa. His university degree course in Social Anthropology may have been subconsciously driven by his burning desire to find the mother that abandoned him at birth. His fascination with the Yoruba culture leads him on some adventurous travels with many twists and turns while he is also privileged to meet and make friends with some elderly intellectuals along the way. JOURNEY OF HOPE OR DESTINY adopts Yoruba philosophical worldview to narrate a story that reflects the global influence of race and social construct on different cultures. The insightful new eBook title is published by Amazon Kindle eBook. Please visit: You may also borrow to read from the Kindle Owners’ Lending Library on,, and It is an ideal eBook title as supplementary reading in Social Anthropology, Sociology and Humanities. Best Regards Raymond Ladebo

Posted by: Raymond Ladebo at 12:05pm Feb 12

Post a comment

Find Adoption Services

Find Adoption Professionals








Subscribe to Adoptive Families online or via toll-free phone 800-372-3300
Click to email this article to a friend.
Click for printer friendly version.

Child Development, Family, Health, and Education Research

Magazine Publishers of America