Country-specific adoption information for parents considering adopting from Russia.
Adoption is decentralized in Russia and may vary extensively from one region to the next. Children "without parental care" in Russia must be accounted for in the local, regional, and federal databases before they become available for intercountry adoption.
In July 2011, Russia and the U.S. signed a bilateral agreement after concerns arose about the welfare of children adopted from Russia by U.S. families. The new agreement states that adoption agencies must be approved by the Russian government, that there must be more structured post-placement reporting, and that Russia will provide prospective parents with more complete information on the child's special needs.
Despite the agreement, there are unofficial reports that some regions have been refusing to issue referrals to U.S. adoption agencies. Also, as of January 2012, a change to the court procedure further lengthened the adoption process.
For more information, visit www.adoption.state.gov.
Russia Adoption Requirements and Facts:
- 2011 adoptions: 962 children
- Hague Accredited: No
- Estimated Total Cost: $40,000 to $60,000 (see sample Russia adoption budget)
- Profile of Children: Eight months to 16 years; in 2010, 76% were ages one year to four years.
- Parent Ages: No age restrictions, except that prospective single parents must be at least 16 years older than the child they are adopting.
- Family Status: The Russian government has no rules about marital status or number of children in the household. There is an increased focus on the mental and physical health of adopting parents.
- Travel: Two trips are required, although many families are now making three. Most regions require both parents to make both trips.
- Timeline: In a 2011 Adoptive Families survey, 83% of parents were matched in less than 12 months.
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