Adoption of children from China to the United States began in 1992, when the Chinese government passed a law ratifying international adoption. In 2009, Americans adopted 3,001 children from China, the largest number from any country outside the U.S.
There is no independent adoption from China; American adopters work through U.S. agencies approved by the China Center of Adoption Affairs (CCAA), and adoptions are processed in accordance with the Hague Convention.
The average age of children adopted from China is 11 months. Over 90% are girls, because of China's population control policies. One child adopted from China was found with a note that read: "In our countryside, the thought that man is more important than woman is very popular. I don't have the strength to overthrow it."
The CCAA placed restrictions on marital status, health, education, income, and previous legal history. Families who have adopted children from China have strong support networks throughout the United States. Join one of these online communities to connect with other families.
of Adoptions from China:
of Children Adopted From China in 2006
INS Immigration Statistics
44% under 1 year of age
52% 1 – 4 years of age
Estimated Cost: $20,000 to $25,000
Profile of Children: 91% girls; 44% under the age of 1 at the time of adoption (2006); all children eligible for adoption must be legally resident in one of China’s child welfare institutes. Some use of foster care.
Travel: At least one parent must travel to China to adopt. Average stay is 10-14 days. U.S. visa issued at consulate in Guangzhou.
Timeline: From completed dossier to referral, approximately 30 to 36 months, although agencies report lengthening wait times due to backlog of dossiers. Travel is normally three months after referral.
Family Status: Married couples only. Married a minimum of 2 years if a first marriage; 5 years if second or third marriage. No more than 2 previous marriages allowed for either spouse. No more than 4 children living in home. Both spouses must have H.S. diploma. Additional requirements regarding health, legal history, and income have also been put into place. Click here to read the full, verbatim text of CCAA's new guidelines.
from Adoptive Families Magazine:
Love, by Barbara Jones
Daughters of China, a book review by Karin Evans
in the Night, by Doug Hood
Our Journey to China, by Dorit Opher Shapiro
Internationally, by Susan Freivalds
To Get Started in China Adoption:
helpful books for families adopting in China:
Wanting a Daughter, Needing a Son
by Kay Ann Johnson
You Were Born in China: A Memory Book for Children Adopted from China
by Sara Dorow
Like Me in China
by Ying Ying Fry and Amy Klatzkin
by Jill Smolowe
Lost Daughters of China: Abandoned Girls, Their Journey to America,
and The Search for a Missing Past
by Karin Evans
Meets East: Americans Adopt Chinese Children
by Richard Tessler
Passage to the Heart: Writings from Families with Children from China
edited by Amy Klatzkin
Best online information sources for China preadopters:
The Web's Wide World
During the long wait, I found a surprising source of comfort right at my fingertips.
by Toddie Downs
with Children from China
The web site of the national parent support group contains a vast array of information about China adoption.
State of Adoption from China
This National Council for Adoption Report summarizes current research on children adopted from China and their families.
China Children (Links Section)
The bookmarked files in the links section of this listserv contain a
comprehensive list of site, list servs and other sources of information
for those interested in adopting from China.
also Adoptive Families' picks for the best Web sites for pre
Join one of
these online communities:
for pre-adoptive families.
This high-traffic list is a must for anyone waiting to adopt from China.
for families who have adopted from China.
China Children, for families with pre-school and school age Adopted
Children China, for families interested in adopting a Waiting
Child (with some kind of special need) from China.
Consult these Web sites to stay up to date:
Adoptive Families' News Ticker
China Center of Adoption Affairs
U.S. State Department—International Adoption:China
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