Embryo Donation Fast Facts

Is embryo donation right for you? Outlined in chart form, you’ll find key facts including intended parent restrictions, average cost of embryo donation, information about donor identity and more.

embryo donation

DONOR EMBRYO OVERVIEW

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Intended Parent (IP) Restrictions

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Some embryo donation programs place restrictions on recipients’ marital status, religion, and sexual orientation. Embryo donors sometimes select the recipients, and may have personal preferences.
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Average Cost

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A frozen embryo transfer (FET) ranges from $5,000 to $10,000. If the process is called embryo “adoption,” then an additional $5,000 to $8,000 for a program fee and home study is common.
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Genetic Connection(s)

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The child will not have a genetic link to either parent.
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Single vs. Multiple Births

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American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) guidelines recommend embryo transfer limits based on the recipient’s age, prognosis, and the stage and quality of the embryos. Single embryo transfers (SETs) are generally recommended for women younger than 35. Some embryo donation programs prohibit multifetal pregnancy reduction. Multiple pregnancies can carry significant risk.
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Pregnancy

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If the intended mother can carry a pregnancy to term, she can experience pregnancy and delivery.
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Medical Procedures

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If the intended mother is the recipient, she must undergo screenings, then take medications to prepare her uterus for the embryos. The embryo transfer process is generally only mildly uncomfortable.
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Donor Selection

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Some programs allow intended parents to select the donor embryo, some programs “match” the IPs with a donor embryo, and some programs have the donor family select the intended parents.
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Donor Identity

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Intended parents may work with anonymous or known embryo donors. There is sometimes the option to meet in person.
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Ongoing/Future Contact

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Some donor contracts allow for future contact by the child (usually when the child is an adult), even if it is an anonymous donation.
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Mental Health Consultation

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A psychological consultation is strongly recommended for intended parents and the donors, and most clinics require this.
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Legal Consultation

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A legal consultation, with independent representation for the parties, is strongly recommended, and many clinics require it.
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