Medical Preparations for Adoption Travel
Q: My family and I are traveling to meet our new baby. What medical preparations should I make?
A:Whether you’re traveling in the U.S. or abroad, preparing for medical emergencies—even minor ones—is always a smart idea. The less you worry about illness, the more you can focus on what’s really important—your new family. Of course, situations vary, and the medical precautions you take will largely depend on where you are going and how long you will be there. As soon as you know you’ll be traveling, consult your family doctor (and your child’s pediatrician) about how to make your trip a healthy one. Here are some things you’ll want to cover.
Routine immunizations may not be enough if you’re traveling to certain foreign countries. In many places, your family needs vaccinations against diseases that you wouldn’t encounter at home.
- Check with your doctor and pediatrician to make sure everyone’s standard immunizations are up-to-date.
- Consult a travel-medicine specialist about the specific vaccines you’ll need for your destination. Your primary-care physician probably won’t know about the current health risks in the Hunan province of China—and if he does, he may not have the vaccines you require in his office (say, typhoid or Japanese encephalitis). A travel-medicine specialist will. To find one, ask your physician for a referral, or visit the International Society of Travel Medicine’s directory at www.istm.org.
- Make appointments as soon as possible—some vaccinations (such as hepatitis B) require several doses to work effectively. 4 Do your own research. Know which diseases—and which vaccines—to ask about. Visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Web site, www.cdc.gov, and click on “Traveler’s Health.”
Consult an Adoption Medical Specialist About Your New Baby:
Adoption medical specialists are in tune to children’s health risks around the world. Consult one before you leave home. She’ll help you decide what to pack (for example, antibiotics or no antibiotics?), and can tell you of specific risks to your child depending on where he was born. Here’s what to ask:
TRAVEL HEALTH KITBand-Aids
antibacterial hand-wash or wipes
Anti-diarrhea medicine for adults (not recommended for babies and children)
baby cold/cough medicine
oral antihistamine (baby dose)
hydrocortisone cream for non-blistery rashes
acetaminophen and/or ibuprofen
medication spoons or droppers
bottles and assorted nipples
If you’re traveling in the U.S., you’ll probably be able to find a drugstore if your baby suddenly needs cough syrup. Outside the U.S., however, medication and first-aid supplies may not be so easy to come by. Pack these items, and relief will never be further away than your suitcase.
- Should you pack special medications for the new baby?
- What kind of medical exams will the new adoptee have had?
- What vaccines will your child need when she comes home to the United States?
For a list of adoption specialists, visit www.aap.org and search “adoption and foster care.”
THE GREAT DEBATE: SHOULD YOU PACK ANTIBIOTICS?
Nervous about various bacterial infections, many adoptive parents are inclined to pack antibiotics—just in case. Doctors have some mixed opinions about this. Some feel they’d rather see you prepared for everything, and write prescriptions with no fuss. Others say there are many kinds of antibiotics, and only a doctor who has assessed your illness should decide which one you need. Talk with a doctor, and make a decision based on where you’re going and how long you plan to be there.
In some countries, you’ll want to protect yourself against diseases by taking prophylactic medication. For example, if you’re traveling to Guatemala, your doctor may prescribe an antimalarial drug like Chloroquine. (Certain antimalarial drugs are safe for infants and children, depending on dosages.)
- Consult with a travel-medicine specialist about prophylactic medication.
- Consult with your family doctor (and pediatrician) about the specialist’s prescriptions.
- Do your own research: Visit the Centers for Disease Control at www.cdc.gov and click on “Traveler’s Health.”
How to Pack Medications:
- Keep medications in their original bottles—you won’t mix them up or forget the dosage.
- If the original container is too large, ask the pharmacist to give you a smaller one and label it.
- Never put two medications into one container to save space. Drugs can chemically react to one another.
- Bring more medication than you think you will need.
- If you’re packing prescription medications, take along a letter from your doctor, stating his name, phone number, what you’re taking, and why. If you have severe allergies, the letter should say exactly what you’re allergic to and what your allergic reaction is. (Diabetes patients who need routine injections must carry a doctor’s letter stating the need for syringes and needles.)
- Pack all prescription medications in your carry-on luggage in case your bags get lost or delayed.
In the U.S. - What to Ask at the Hospital:
The time you spend with your child's birth relatives at the hospital is precious. Ask questions and record as much information as you can:
- Note your child's birth measurements and APGAR score. Get the results of metabolic screening tests, such as PKU or thyroid, and all records of immunizations, transfusions, and medications.
- Record as much information as possible about the age, health, and genetic tendencies of the birthparents and birth siblings. Ask about conditions that run in the family, such as diabetes, heart disease, and breast or colon cancer.
- Write down a description of the birthmother's pregnancy, labor, and delivery, including prenatal care. Ask about any lab tests during pregnancy, such as maternal infectious diseases screening.
Documentation regarding your family can make emergency room visits—and getting through customs—a whole lot easier.
- If only mom is traveling, take a notarized letter from dad stating that she has permission to leave the country with their child.
- In addition to passports, bring copies of your adoption decree and birth certificate for any child who was previously adopted.
Finding a Doctor Away From Home:
Ideally, your baby won’t need to see a doctor during your trip—but on the off chance she does, be prepared.
- Ask your adoption agency to refer pediatricians in your destination. Since the agency has worked in the region before, they may have some great referrals to offer.
- Call your hotel and ask if it has a doctor on call, and ask how it handles medical emergencies.
- Ask your facilitator for the names of local pediatricians.
- Talk with your own primary-care physician about recommendations for medical care away from home. Ask if you can call him/her from abroad.
- Ask your child’s future physician about how to handle medical situations on the road.
Staying Healthy Away From Home:
Aside from taking medications, these simple practices, recommended by the Centers of Disease Control, can help keep you and your family healthy in foreign places.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water.
- Don’t eat or drink dairy products that are not pasteurized.
- Eat only thoroughly cooked foods, or fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself.
- Drink only bottled water.
- Drink only soft drinks from cans or bottles.
- Don’t drink beverages with ice.
- Don’t eat food purchased from street vendors.
- Beware of mosquitoes where malaria is a concern. Use insect repellents that contain DEET—it’s safe for adults, children, and infants older than 2 months—and wear long sleeves, pants, and hats.
If you become ill after you return home, remind your physician or specialist that you were in another country. Your doctor can focus on illnesses to which you may have been exposed, and help you make a speedy recovery.
Travel Medical Insurance:
Some health insurance companies won’t cover medical emergencies if you’re outside of the U.S. If you’re traveling abroad, consider purchasing a travel medical insurance policy. For $119 per couple, per year, American Express offers $50,000 (per person) worth of coverage for cardmembers who are more than 150 miles from home. Not a cardmember? Book with an insurance company that offers policies on a per-trip basis. Premiums are generally nominal for coverage up to $50,000. Their cost depends on the age of the traveler, and the length and cost of the getaway. To find an insurance com-pany and compare premiums, visit www.insuremytrip.com.
Deborah Borchers, M.D., is a founding member of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Adoption and Foster Care, and the mother of three children adopted internationally.
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