Families whose friendships cross racial lines send a clear message about whom their kids can date.
After adopting older children, these parents found that maintaining a family photo album was a useful tool to encourage bonding.
When parents expect the worst from their children, they often get it.
"Moments after bringing our new puppy home, I understood that raising this dog would begin to create a history for our new daughter, would lodge her firmly within our family. A family pet conjures notions of family ties, of belonging."
In asking that question, was our teenage daughter really asking, Who am I? What am I becoming? How am I different from others?
Adopted children fare better if they know other kids who were adopted.